With the predetermination of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Uzbekistan has embarked connected an open, proactive, pragmatic and constructive overseas argumentation aimed astatine creating a abstraction of mutually beneficial cooperation, stableness and sustainable improvement successful Central Asia. The caller approaches of authoritative Tashkent person recovered broad enactment successful each capitals of Central Asia, which has go the ground for affirmative changes successful the region, writes Akromjon Nematov, archetypal lawman manager and Azizjon Karimov, starring probe chap astatine the ISRS nether the president of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
In particular, successful caller years determination has been a qualitative displacement towards strengthening determination practice successful Central Asia. A systematic governmental dialog based connected the principles of good-neighbourliness, communal respect and equality has been established betwixt the leaders of the states of the region. This is evidenced by the instauration of the signifier of holding regular Consultative Meetings of the Heads of State of Central Asia since 2018.
Another important accomplishment was the adoption of the Joint Statement of the Leaders of the Central Asian States astatine the 2nd Consultative Meeting successful November 2019, which tin beryllium regarded arsenic a benignant of improvement programme for the region. It contains consolidated approaches and a communal imaginativeness of the heads of states regarding the prospects for strengthening determination cooperation.
The achieved precocious level of consolidation of the portion and the willingness of the Central Asian countries to instrumentality work for solving communal determination problems is besides evidenced by the adoption of a peculiar UN solution "Strengthening Regional and International Cooperation for Peace, Stability and Sustainable Development successful the Central Asian Region successful June 2018.
Thanks to each these affirmative trends, a fig of systemic problems that antecedently hindered the afloat realization of the tremendous imaginable of determination co-operation are present uncovering their semipermanent solution based connected the principles of searching for tenable compromises and communal information of interests. Most importantly, the Central Asian states person begun to play a superior and cardinal relation successful decision-making connected the astir pressing and urgent issues of improvement successful the full region.
Such strengthening of inter-state relations contiguous contributes to the constitution of Central Asia arsenic a stable, unfastened and dynamically processing region, a reliable and predictable planetary spouse arsenic good arsenic a capacious and charismatic market.
Thus, the caller governmental ambiance has fixed a almighty impetus to the improvement of commercialized and economic, taste and humanitarian exchanges. This tin beryllium seen successful the dynamic maturation of commercialized wrong the region, which reached $5.2 cardinal successful 2019, 2.5 times much than successful 2016. Contrary to the challenging effects of the pandemic, intraregional commercialized remained astatine $5bn successful 2020.
At the aforesaid time, the region's full overseas commercialized successful 2016-2019 accrued 56% to $168.2bn.
During this period, the inflow of FDI to the portion accrued by 40%, amounting to $37.6bn. As a result, the stock of investments successful Central Asia from the full measurement successful the satellite accrued from 1.6% to 2.5%.
At the aforesaid time, the tourer imaginable of the portion is being revealed. The fig of travelers to the countries of Central Asia successful 2016-2019 accrued astir 2 times – from 9.5 to 18.4 cardinal people.
As a consequence, the wide macroeconomic indicators of the portion are improving. In particular, the combined GDP of the region's countries accrued from $253bn successful 2016 to $302.8bn successful 2019. In a pandemic environment, this fig fell by conscionable 2.5% to $295.1bn by the extremity of 2020.
All of these factors unneurotic amusement that Uzbekistan's caller pragmatic approaches successful its overseas argumentation person led to the instauration of favorable conditions for the Central Asian states to jointly beforehand large economical projects of
a transregional nature, bring their relations with neighboring regions to a caller level and actively impact the portion successful the enactment of multilateral coordination and practice structures.
Such plans are enshrined successful the supra mentioned Joint Statement of the Heads of State of Central Asia, issued astatine the extremity of the 2019 Consultative Meeting. In particular, the papers notes that the Central Asian states volition proceed to strive to make unfastened economical practice and diversify relations with different spouse countries, planetary and determination organizations successful the anticipation of consolidating determination peace, stability, and expanding the prospects for economical improvement successful the region.
These goals should beryllium served by the governmental and economical conception of interconnectedness promoted by Uzbekistan, which is based connected the tendency to physique a coagulated architecture of mutually beneficial practice betwixt Central and South Asia.
These aspirations of authoritative Tashkent are motivated by the involvement of each states of some regions successful processing person relations, a wide knowing of the indivisibility of security, the complementary quality of economies and the interconnectedness of socio-economic improvement processes successful Central and South Asia.
The implementation of these plans is designed to lend to the operation of a immense abstraction of adjacent opportunities, mutually beneficial co-operation and sustainable development. A logical effect of this should beryllium the instauration of a loop of stableness astir Central Asia.
Guided by these goals, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev enactment guardant an inaugural to clasp successful July of this twelvemonth successful Tashkent the planetary league 'Central and South Asia: Regional Interconnectedness. Challenges and Opportunities', designed to consolidate the countries of the 2 regions successful designing the conceptual foundations of a sustainable exemplary of inter-regional connectivity.
This thought was archetypal voiced during the code of the caput of Uzbekistan astatine the 75th league of the United Nations General Assembly. These issues took halfway signifier successful different important governmental lawsuit successful 2020 - the President's code to the Parliament, wherever South Asia was identified arsenic a precedence successful the country's overseas policy.
At the aforesaid time, Uzbekistan has importantly accrued its governmental and diplomatic enactment successful the South Asian direction. This is reflected successful the promotion of the "India-Central Asia" dialog format, a bid of virtual summits "Uzbekistan-India" (December 2020) and "Uzbekistan-Pakistan" (April 2021). (April 2021).
In this regard, the signing of the Uzbekistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan trilateral statement to make the Trans-Afghan corridor designed to link the countries of the 2 regions with a reliable transport web was a landmark event.
All these steps amusement that Uzbekistan has successful information already started implementing plans to physique a ample trans-regional interconnectedness.
The upcoming high-level league should go a system-forming constituent and a benignant of culmination of these efforts.
In this regard, the planned lawsuit has already aroused accrued involvement among a wide scope of determination and planetary experts, who person noted the value and relevance of the upcoming conference.
In particular, observers and analysts of specified authoritative planetary editions arsenic Diplomat (USA), Project Syndicate (USA), Modern Diplomacy (European Union), Radio Free Europe (EU), Nezavisimaya Gazeta (Russia), Anadolu (Turkey) and Tribune (Pakistan) remark connected the plans of gathering interregional connectivity.
According to their estimations, the results of the forthcoming league could springiness a commencement to the thought of a grandiose integration project, implying rapprochement of the 2 fast-growing and culturally-civilizationally adjacent regions.
Such a imaginable could make a caller economical maturation constituent for Central and South Asia, dramatically transforming the economical representation of the macro-region and improving interregional coordination to guarantee stability.
Afghanistan arsenic a cardinal nexus to guarantee integration of the 2 regions
Building trans-regional connectivity, of which the Trans-Afghan Corridor is simply a strategical component, places Afghanistan astatine the halfway of intra-regional connectivity and recaptures its mislaid historical relation arsenic a cardinal nexus successful promoting integration betwixt the 2 regions.
The realization of these goals is particularly indispensable against the inheritance of the upcoming withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan, scheduled for September of this year. Such developments undoubtedly make a turning constituent successful the modern past of Afghanistan.
On the 1 hand, the US withdrawal, which is considered a cardinal information for the alleged Doha agreements, could springiness a beardown impetus to the bid process successful the neighboring country, contributing to the constitution of Afghanistan arsenic a sovereign and prosperous state.
On the different hand, the quality of a powerfulness vacuum threatens to intensify the interior equipped conflict for powerfulness with the hazard of escalating it into fratricidal war. The clashes betwixt the Taliban and the Afghan authorities forces are already expanding successful intensity, which whitethorn negatively impact the prospects for achieving an interior governmental consensus.
All the above-mentioned tectonic changes taking spot successful and astir Afghanistan marque the forthcoming league adjacent much topical, demonstrating the correctness of Uzbekistan's chosen people towards inter-regional rapprochement, arsenic the existent realities successful Afghanistan marque practice betwixt the 2 regions an nonsubjective and captious necessity.
Realizing this, Uzbekistan intends to commencement the process of adaptation of the states of the 2 regions to the post-American epoch successful Afghanistan. After all, the imaginable of the upcoming withdrawal of the US contingent should promote each neighboring nations to presume a important stock of work for the economical and military-political concern successful Afghanistan, betterment successful which is the cardinal to securing the semipermanent stableness of the macro-region.
Given this fact, Uzbekistan is trying to execute a wide determination statement connected the Afghan contented by demonstrating the beneficial quality of establishing aboriginal bid successful the long-suffering neighboring state for the wide prosperity of each determination states.
In this regard, overseas experts are convinced that Tashkent's plans for interconnectedness organically complement the existent Afghan argumentation of Uzbekistan, successful which the republic is successful hunt of a mutually acceptable look for bid and ways to guarantee semipermanent stableness successful Afghanistan.
Such an perfect look for bid is interregional economical integration with the engagement of Afghanistan, which volition surely person a stabilizing effect connected the interior concern successful the country.
A wide scope of experts clasp specified an opinion. In particular, according to the Russian paper Nezavisimaya Gazeta, the Mazar-e-Sharif-Kabul-Peshawar railway task promoted by Tashkent volition go an "economic springboard" for Afghanistan, since the way volition tally on the deposits of minerals specified arsenic copper, tin, granite, zinc and robust ore.
As a result, their improvement volition begin, and tens of thousands of jobs volition beryllium created - alternate sources of income for the Afghan population.
Most importantly, the enlargement of inter-regional commercialized done Afghanistan volition bring economical benefits to the state successful the signifier of transit fees. In this context, the sentiment of the analysts of the American work Project Syndicate is interesting, according to which the Trans-Afghan railroad could transport up to 20 cardinal tonnes of cargo per twelvemonth and the transport costs would beryllium reduced by 30-35%.
With this successful mind, observers from the Turkish paper Anadolu are convinced that the projected railway transportation done Afghanistan is simply a root of tremendous economical benefits, which could stabilize the portion much than immoderate governmental deal.
The applicable implementation of these plans is besides captious against the inheritance of the continued dependence of the Afghan system connected overseas aid, the standard of which successful caller years has shown a declining trend.
In particular, the magnitude of yearly fiscal enactment from donors, which covers astir 75% of the country's nationalist spending, has dropped from $6.7n successful 2011 to astir $4bn successful 2020. It is expected that successful the adjacent 4 years these indicators volition alteration by astir 30%.
In these conditions, determination is simply a increasing request to accelerate the implementation of different economical projects of trans-regional scale, which tin make further favorable conditions for the economical revival of Afghanistan.
Among them 1 tin item specified projects arsenic the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India state pipeline and CASA-1000 electrical powerfulness line, whose applicable implementation would not lone person a precise affirmative interaction connected ensuring vigor information successful Afghanistan, but would besides bring sizeable fiscal benefits to the Afghan broadside from the transit of vigor resources to South Asian countries.
In turn, the imaginable of Afghanistan becoming an important transit and vigor hub volition make further involvement for each intra-Afghan forces successful achieving governmental statement and volition service arsenic a coagulated socio-economic ground for the bid process. In short, the extended engagement of the Afghan broadside successful the strategy of inter-regional relations, created by Tashkent, could beryllium utilized arsenic a reinforcing mechanics successful promoting stability.
Central Asia towards a diversification of transport and transit routes
Strengthening interregional ties meets the goals of the Central Asian states to diversify transport routes and summation the competitiveness of the portion arsenic an planetary transport and transit hub.
During acme meetings, the leaders of the Central Asian states person repeatedly expressed their corporate volition to advocator the strengthening of coordination and deepening of determination practice successful the associated implementation of large economical projects, particularly those aimed astatine expanding transport and transit opportunities, ensuring unchangeable entree to seaports and satellite markets, and establishing modern planetary logistics centers.
The request to lick these problems is dictated by the persisting transport isolation of Central Asia, which prevents the heavy integration of the portion into planetary proviso chains and the Central Asian states from gaining their rightful spot successful the emerging caller exemplary of the planetary trading system.
Thus, contiguous the states of the region, having nary nonstop entree to seaports, carnivore important transport and transit costs, which scope 60% of the outgo of imported goods. Carriers suffer up to 40 percent of the clip for transporting goods owed to imperfect customs procedures and underdeveloped logistics.
For example, the outgo of shipping a instrumentality to the Chinese metropolis of Shanghai from immoderate Central Asian state is much than 5 times higher than the outgo of transporting it from Poland oregon Turkey.
At the aforesaid time, successful caller years the Central Asian states person already succeeded successful providing entree to seaports of Iran, Georgia, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Russia by utilizing the imaginable of assorted transport corridors (Baku-Tbilisi-Kars, Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran, Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan-Iran, Uzbekistan-Kazakhstan-Russia).
Among these transit routes, the North-South International Transport Corridor stands out, which presently provides entree for Central Asian goods done Iranian ports to satellite markets. At the aforesaid time, this task is an illustration of palmy transportation of Central Asian states with India, which is the largest system of South Asia.
In this context, the implementation of the railway task Mazar-e-Sharif - Kabul - Peshawar volition lend to the emergence of an further corridor and the enactment of an extended web of railway lines designed to physically bring the countries of Central and South Asia person together. This is the relevance of the thought promoted by Uzbekistan of trans-regional interconnectivity, the applicable implementation of which would payment each the states of the 2 regions.
The beneficiaries of the supra plans volition besides beryllium the main actors of planetary trade, specified arsenic China, Russia and the European Union, which are funny successful providing reliable onshore entree to the South Asian marketplace arsenic a viable alternate to maritime commercialized routes.
With this successful mind, determination is simply a precocious probability of internationalization of the Mazar-e-Sharif-Kabul-Peshawar railway project, i.e., enlargement of the ellipse of parties funny successful financing and further usage of the transit imaginable of this corridor.
For this reason, it is wide that Uzbekistan's plans spell acold beyond the trans-regional agenda, arsenic the operation of the said railroad volition go an important portion of planetary transport corridors linking the European Union, China, Russia, South and Southeast Asian states done the territory of Central Asia.
As a result, the transport value of the Central Asian states volition summation significantly, which successful the aboriginal volition person the accidental to guarantee their progressive information successful the planetary transit of goods. This volition supply them with further sources of income, specified arsenic transit fees.
Another important accomplishment volition beryllium the simplification of transport costs. According to economists' calculations, transporting a instrumentality from the metropolis of Tashkent to the Pakistani larboard of Karachi volition outgo astir $1,400 to $1,600. It is astir fractional arsenic inexpensive arsenic proscription from Tashkent to the Iranian larboard - Bandar Abbas ($2,600-$3,000).
In addition, acknowledgment to the implementation of the Trans-Afghan corridor project, the Central Asian states volition beryllium capable to instrumentality vantage of the transit imaginable of 2 routes starring to the confederate seas astatine once.
On the 1 hand, determination are already existing corridors to the Iranian ports of Chabahar and Bandar Abbas, connected the different manus - "Mazar-e-Sharif - Kabul - Peshawar" with further entree to the Pakistani ports of Karachi and Gwadar. Such an statement volition lend to the enactment of a much flexible pricing argumentation betwixt Iran and Pakistan, which volition importantly trim export-import costs.
Most importantly, the diversification of commercialized routes volition person a precise favorable effect connected the macroeconomic concern successful Central Asia. According to World Bank experts, further removal of geographical barriers to commercialized with the extracurricular satellite could summation the aggregate GDP of the Central Asian states by astatine slightest 15%.
A corporate effect to communal challenges
The format of the upcoming league volition supply a unsocial accidental for elder officials, experts, and policymakers from the 2 regions to stitchery for the archetypal clip successful 1 spot to laic the instauration chromatic for a caller transregional information architecture with the imaginativeness of gathering a abstraction of adjacent accidental that takes into relationship the interests of each parties involved.
This improvement of practice tin beryllium a exemplary of inclusiveness, creating an enabling situation successful which each state tin recognize its originative imaginable and enactment unneurotic to lick information problems.
This is indispensable due to the fact that of the inseparability of information and sustainable improvement - the involvement of Central and South Asian states to travel unneurotic successful the look of communal challenges and threats that person a antagonistic interaction connected ensuring the continued prosperity of the 2 regions.
Among these challenges, experts azygous retired problems specified arsenic cause trafficking, terrorism, the epidemiological crisis, clime change, and h2o scarcity, which the states of the 2 regions could face by associated efforts - by identifying communal problems and taking coordinated measures to flooded them.
In particular, Russian, European and Pakistani experts constituent to the request to usage the level of the upcoming league to physique a strategy of corporate conflict against cause trafficking. The relevance of this is argued by the continuing estimation of Afghanistan arsenic the main cause hub successful the world.
This is confirmed by information from the UN Office connected Drugs and Crime, according to which, successful the past 5 years, 84% of planetary opium accumulation comes from Afghanistan.
In these conditions, according to the Pakistani adept – enforcement manager of the Center for Global and Strategic Studies of Pakistan, Khalid Taimur Akram, " until determination is power connected some sides and betterment of the cause concern successful the region, this authorities of affairs continues to service arsenic a worldly substance for destructive forces – coercion and cross-border crime."
Foreign experts besides wage peculiar attraction to the problems of clime change, which has a nonstop antagonistic interaction connected the economies of the 2 regions. The twelvemonth 2020 was 1 of the 3 warmest years connected record.
Such utmost upwind events, combined with the COVID-19 pandemic, person a treble daze effect connected astir countries of the world, including Central and South Asia.
Moreover, Central and South Asia is an illustration of a water-deficient macro-region. Such concern makes them susceptible to the planetary clime alteration process.
In the emerging environment, some regions are becoming alert of the clime crisis, which should beryllium accompanied by the enactment of a communal knowing of the request for associated efforts.
Given these factors, experts telephone connected the states of the 2 regions to instrumentality vantage of the planetary forum provided by Tashkent to place factual plans to jointly combat clime challenges. In particular, the adoption of coordinated steps by the states towards the progressive usage of nature-saving technologies and expanding the vigor ratio of nationalist economies successful bid to minimize the antagonistic interaction of utmost upwind conditions is considered precise necessary.
A caller exemplary of trans-regional connectivity for inclusive economical growth
With the instauration of a caller architecture of mutually beneficial practice betwixt the regions, which the upcoming league should lend to, the astir favorable conditions volition beryllium formed for a important summation successful the level of trans-regional commercialized and economical exchanges.
The bulk of planetary experts are of this opinion. According to their estimates, the implementation of the interconnectivity inaugural volition link the isolated Central Asian market, affluent successful hydrocarbon and agro-industrial resources, with the increasing user marketplace of South Asia and further with the satellite market.
This is particularly indispensable fixed the important unrealized imaginable for practice successful the commercialized and economical sphere, the afloat utilization of which is hindered by the deficiency of a reliable transport web and organization mechanisms of co-operation.
In particular, the measurement of communal commercialized betwixt Central Asian and South Asian countries has not yet reached $6 billion. These figures are importantly little compared to the South Asian region's commercialized with the extracurricular world, which exceeds $1.4 trillion.
At the aforesaid time, South Asia's full imports person been increasing steadily since 2009, reaching $791 cardinal successful 2020. Such a concern makes the South Asian marketplace 1 of the astir important for Central Asian countries. In addition, with a combined colonisation of 1.9 cardinal (24% of the world's population) and a GDP of $3.5trn, South Asia is the fastest increasing portion successful the satellite (economic maturation of 7.5% per year).
In this context, a caller study by the World Bank is interesting. It notes that, contempt the challenging effects of the pandemic, South Asia's prospects for economical betterment are improving. Economic maturation is expected to scope 7.2% successful 2021 and 4.4% successful 2022. This is simply a comeback from the historical debased successful 2020, and means the portion is connected a betterment trajectory. Thus, South Asia could gradually regain its presumption arsenic the world's fastest-growing region.
Given each these factors, experts enactment that Central Asian producers person each accidental to inhabit their niche successful the South Asian marketplace - to afloat recognize their export potential.
For example, a caller peculiar study by ESCAP (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific) estimates that determination export maturation of Central Asian states arsenic a effect of accrued inter-regional connectivity volition beryllium 187% compared to 2010, and that exports of South Asian countries volition beryllium 133% higher than successful 2010.
In this regard, it is indispensable to item a fig of areas successful which the improvement of practice is successful the interests of each Central and South Asian states.
First, the concern sphere. The request to summation practice successful this country is dictated by the declining inclination successful overseas nonstop concern successful processing countries. According to experts astatine the UN Conference connected Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the measurement of FDI successful processing countries declined by 12% successful 2020 alone. But adjacent specified a flimsy reduction, according to experts, tin jeopardize their betterment from the pandemic.
Experts reason that this presumption is based connected the continuing request of Asian countries to pull ample amounts of concern to support economical growth.
According to ADB, processing Asian countries request to put a whopping $1.7trn a twelvemonth betwixt 2016 and 2030 conscionable to conscionable their infrastructure demand. Meanwhile, Asian countries are presently investing astir $881bn per twelvemonth successful infrastructure.
In these conditions, the urgency of progressive concern practice betwixt the states of Central and South Asia, arsenic good arsenic the adoption of corporate measures for the progressive betterment of the concern clime of the macroregion, increases. Such associated actions could lend to the translation of Central and South Asia into a spot of attraction of planetary fiscal flows.
Second, the cultivation sector. The cultivation assemblage is considered 1 of the astir promising areas for commercialized and economical co-operation owed to the precocious request successful South Asia for Central Asian nutrient products.
For example, South Asian countries inactive acquisition a shortage of definite categories of nutrient products and annually import nutrient products worthy astir $30bn (India - $23bn, Pakistan - $5bn, Afghanistan - $900 million, Nepal - $250m). Specifically, Nepal presently imports 80% of the atom it consumes, and nutrient import costs person accrued by 62% successful the past 5 years. Pakistan's nutrient import spending has besides increased, rising 52.16% successful the archetypal six months of 2020 alone.
Third, the vigor sector. Most South Asian states are nett importers of hydrocarbons. The portion is besides periodically experiencing terrible energy shortages. In particular, the economical operator of South Asia - India - is the 3rd largest lipid importer successful the satellite and the 3rd largest user of energy (annual depletion - 1.54 trillion kWh). Every year, the state imports vigor resources worthy $250bn.
Under these conditions, the implementation of ample multilateral projects successful the vigor assemblage is considered to beryllium successful precocious demand. Thus, the advancement successful processing the interregional vigor task CASA-1000 volition not lone summation the opportunities for energy commercialized betwixt the regions, but volition besides beryllium the archetypal measurement towards creating a determination energy marketplace successful Central and South Asia.
In turn, the implementation of the TAPI (Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India) state pipeline project, designed to go a awesome of bid and bully neighborliness, volition fortify the relation of Central Asian states successful the vigor information architecture of the South Asian region.
Fourth, tourism. The request for practice successful the tourism assemblage is owed to the tremendous untapped imaginable betwixt the 2 regions. This tin beryllium seen successful the illustration of Uzbekistan's tourism practice with South Asian countries.
In particular, successful 2019-2020 lone 125 1000 radical visited Uzbekistan from South Asian countries. (1.5% of the full fig of tourists), and the full export of tourism services to the countries of the portion amounted to $89m (5.5%).
In addition, outbound tourism from South Asian countries is expected to grow. The UN World Tourism Organization predicts that the fig of Indian tourists successful the satellite volition summation 122% to 50 cardinal by 2022 from 23 cardinal successful 2019, and their mean expenditure to $45bn by 2022 from $23bn. The fig of tourists from Bangladesh volition summation by 2.6 cardinal implicit the period, and from Sri Lanka by 2 million.
Fifth, the subject and acquisition sector. Central Asian universities, particularly aesculapian schools, are becoming charismatic to young radical from South Asian countries. The increasing fig of students studying astatine Central Asian universities is simply a striking confirmation of this. In 2020, their fig volition scope 20,000. Such accrued involvement of South Asian younker to the acquisition services of Central Asian states tin beryllium explained by the precocious prime of grooming and comparatively debased outgo of education.
In this regard, the states of some regions are funny successful further strengthening practice successful the tract of education. This volition importantly amended the strategy of grooming highly qualified unit successful some regions, which is indispensable for overcoming societal inequality and creating a competitory knowledge-based economy. Most importantly, strengthening practice successful subject and acquisition tin springiness a almighty impetus to technological and innovative breakthroughs. After all, it is intelligence resources unneurotic with the latest technologies that are the decisive motor of economical development.
In this context, it is noteworthy that the measurement of the planetary marketplace of precocious exertion contiguous is estimated astatine $3.5trn, which already exceeds the marketplace of earthy materials and vigor resources. In this regard, 1 promising country for the improvement of co-operation betwixt Central and South Asia is considered to beryllium innovation.
Sixth, the taste and humanitarian sphere. The implementation of immoderate integration task is intolerable without the enactment of a communal taste and humanitarian abstraction that tin bring unneurotic peoples of the 2 regions, summation communal spot and fortify affable relations.
After all, practice successful this country contributes to communal enrichment and interpenetration of cultures, which is simply a cardinal information for gathering and processing sustainable and semipermanent relations betwixt the 2 regions successful the spheres of economy, authorities and security.
These goals necessitate important steps toward intercultural rapprochement. There are each the indispensable humanities prerequisites for this. The taste ties betwixt the immense subregion of Central and South Asia are profoundly rooted successful history. They day backmost to the play of specified past empires arsenic the Kushan, Bactria, and the Achaemenid state.
All these states were located connected immense territories that included partially oregon wholly modern territories of Central and South Asia. It was past – successful the III-II millennia BC, the foundations of commercialized routes were laid, an extended web of onshore routes emerged, which included entree to India done Afghanistan. In turn, the past cities of Central Asia were the spot of intersection of commercialized routes from China, Europe, and India.
In this context, it is wide that the caput of Uzbekistan Sh. Mirziyoyev has a wide strategical vision: the "Third Renaissance" taking spot successful Uzbekistan should beryllium accompanied by the revival of humanities ties with neighboring regions, the restoration of past caravan routes, including the Great Silk Road, which has agelong played the relation of a conductor of knowledge, innovation and prosperity. Such developments are successful tune with Uzbekistan's determination strategy. After all, historically Central Asia has reached its highest of prosperity, acting arsenic a crossroads of satellite civilizations and 1 of the main centers of planetary trade.
In general, the applicable implementation of Uzbekistan's plans for interconnectedness tin make a caller economical world successful 2 regions astatine once, forming the astir favorable crushed and each indispensable conditions for the inclusive economical improvement of Central and South Asian states, arsenic good arsenic the progressive betterment of the well-being and prosperity of peoples surviving successful these regions.
This position shows that our country's plans for interconnectedness are of planetary significance, arsenic improving the macroeconomic concern and strengthening stableness successful the 2 densely populated regions of the satellite would person a precise affirmative interaction connected planetary security. In this regard, this inaugural tin beryllium regarded arsenic different reflection of Uzbekistan's aspirations to marque its worthy publication to ensuring and maintaining planetary bid and sustainable development.