The fig of international migrant workers has accrued from 164 to 169 million, the International Labour Organization (ILO) said connected Wednesday, noting a marked emergence successful the fig of young people seeking opportunities abroad, too.
A new report from the ILO indicates that migrant workers made up 1 successful 20 of the world’s workforce in 2019, often carrying out key functions in critical sectors from health care to transportation and nutrient processing.
“We person seen that successful a fig of regions migrant workers correspond a sizeable stock of the workforce; they are contributing of people to the economies and societies of their big countries, but besides to their location countries done remittances,” said Manuela Tomei, Director of the ILO Conditions of Work and Equality Department.
Despite their worth to the planetary economy, the UN assemblage warned that many migrant workers face uncertainty astatine work, a concern made worse by the pandemic.
The lone opportunities they often find are “temporary, informal oregon unprotected jobs”, leaving them exposed to a greater hazard of insecurity, layoffs and worsening moving conditions, ILO maintained.
“The COVID-19 situation has intensified these vulnerabilities, peculiarly for women migrant workers, arsenic they are over-represented successful low-paid and low-skilled jobs and person constricted entree to societal extortion and less options for enactment services,” according to the ILO study, which is based connected information from 189 countries.
Mainly antheral preserve
A afloat 58 per cent are men - 99 million compared to 70 cardinal women - and most find enactment successful work industries, followed by manufacturing, which employs astir 2 successful 3 migrants.
Another 7 per cent of overseas workers carry retired farming jobs.
Substantial sex differences beryllium betwixt the sectors with a higher number of women migrant workers successful services including wellness and home work. This may beryllium partially explained by a increasing labour request for attraction workers, ILO said, adding that manufacturing remains male-dominated.
Rich state pull factor
More than 2 successful 3 migrant workers are concentrated successful high-income countries, with 63.8 cardinal successful Europe and Central Asia, and another 43.3 cardinal successful the Americas.
The Arab States, Asia and the Pacific each big astir 24 cardinal migrant workers, while Africa has 13.7 cardinal migrant workers, representing 8.1 per cent of the total.
The increased share of 15 to 24-year-old workers - from 8.3 per cent successful 2017 to 10.0 per cent successful 2019 – likely reflects high unemployment rates in many developing countries, and the rising demographic trend, ILO said.
Despite the uptick successful younker migrant workers, the ample bulk of migrant workers (86.5 per cent) are adults aged 25 to 64.
Highlighting the worth to countries of compiling reliable statistic connected their migrant labour workforce, ILO insisted that this would assistance them “respond to shifts successful labour proviso and demand, stimulate innovation and sustainable development, and transportation and update skills”.